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Scientific papers

Selected papers and chapters with scientific input from UKHSA's four Culture Collections:

 

 

 

 

National Collection of Type Cultures (NCTC):

 

  • Dicks J, Turnbull J, Russell J, Parkhill J and Alexander S. (2021) Genome sequencing of an historic Staphylococcus aureus collection reveals new enterotoxin genes and sheds light on the evolution and genomic organisation of this key virulence gene family. Journal of Bacteriology 203(10):e00587-20 https://doi.org/10.1128/JB.00587-20

  • Garrett SR, Mariano G, Dicks J and Palmer T (2022) Homologous recombination between tandem paralogues drives evolution of a subset of Type VII secretion system immunity genes in firmicute bacteria. Microbial Genomics 8:000868 https://doi.org/10.1099/mgen.0.000868

  • Turnbull JD, Dicks J, Gurung S, McGregor H, Alexander S (2022) The NCTC 2021 Depositors Cohort (2022) The Notification List of Bacterial Strains Made Available by the United Kingdom’s National Collection of Type Cultures in 2021. Microbial Resource Announcements 11(8):e0035722 https://doi.org/10.1128/mra.00357-22

European Collection of Authenticated Cell Cultures (ECACC) 

 

  • Jessica R. Chaffey, Jay Young, Kaiyven A. Leslie, Katie Partridge, Pouria Akhbari, Shalinee Dhayal, Jessica L. Hill, Kyle C. A. Wedgwood, Edward Burnett, Mark A. Russell, Sarah J. Richardson & Noel G. Morgan. Investigation of the utility of the 1.1B4 cell as a model human beta cell line for study of persistent enteroviral infection. Scientific Reports, Nature Portfolio, (2021) 11: 15624. doi: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-94878-y

 

National Collection of Type Cultures (NCTC)

 

  • J Dicks, JD Turnbull, J Russell, J Parkhill, S Alexander. Genome Sequencing of a Historic Staphylococcus aureus Collection Reveals New Enterotoxin Genes and Sheds Light on the Evolution and Genomic Organization of This Key Virulence … 2021 Journal of Bacteriology 203 (10), e00587-20.

  • W Shi, Q Sun, G Fan, S Hideaki, O Moriya, T Itoh, Y Zhou, M Cai, SG Kim, gcType: a high-quality type strain genome database for microbial phylogenetic and functional research. Nucleic acids research 49 (D1), D694-D705.

  • S Alexander, S Gurung. 100 years and counting: the National Collection of Type Cultures centenary The Lancet Microbe 1 (6),2020. E235-e236

  • F Salvà-Serra, D Jaén-Luchoro, HE Jakobsson, L Gonzales-Siles, et al. Complete genome sequences of Streptococcus pyogenes type strain reveal 100%-match between PacBio-solo and Illumina-Oxford Nanopore hybrid assemblies. Scientific reports (2020) 10 (1), 1-14.

 

National Collection of Pathogenic Viruses (NCPV)

 

  • Onianwa, J Russell, S Alexander. National Collection of Pathogenic Viruses: A Repository for Well Characterised and Authenticated Viruses. Access Microbiology (2019)  1 (10), 23.

  • K Buttigieg, S Alexander, J Russell. How culture collections can assist responses to emerging diseases. International Journal of Infectious Diseases (2019) 79, 25.   

  • E Drinkwater and S Alexander.  The National Collection of Pathogenic Viruses – a dynamic repository for viral strains.  Microbiology Today (October 2021) p108-109. microbiologysociety.org 

 

National Collection of Pathogenic Fungi (NCPF) 

 

  • Borman AM, Muller J, Walsh-Quantick J, Szekely A, Patterson Z, Palmer MD, Fraser M, Johnson EM. (2020). MIC distributions for amphotericin B, fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, flucytosine and anidulafungin for thirty-five uncommon pathogenic yeasts species from the UK determined using CLSI broth microdilution method. Antimicrob. Chemother. Doi: 10.1093/jac/dkz568.

  • Maphanga TG, Birkhead M, Schwartz IS, Corcoran C, Zulu TG, Naicker SD, Kenyon C, Borman AM, Frean JA, Govender NP. (2020). Human blastomycosis in South Africa caused by Blastomyces percursus and Blastomyces emzantszii nov., 1968 – 2014. J. Clin Microbiol., 58(3):e01661-19. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01661-19.

  • Borman AM, Hughes J, Oliver D, Fraser M, Sunderland J , Noel AR, Johnson EM. (2020). Lessons from isavuconazole therapeutic drug monitoring at a United Kingdom Reference centre. Mycol. 58:996-999. DOI:10.1093/mmy/myaa022.

  • Borman AM, Johnson EM. (2020). Candida auris in the UK: introduction, dissemination and control. PLoS Pathogens, 16: doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1008563.

  • Borman AM, Fraser M, Johnson EM. (2020). CHROMagarTM Candida Plus: A novel chromogenic agar that permits the rapid identification of Candida auris. Med. Mycol. doi: 10.1093/mmy/myaa049.

  • Nagy F, Vitális E, Jakab A, Borman AM, Forgács L, Tóth Z, Majoros L, Kovács R. (2020). In vitro and in vivo effect of exogenous farnesol exposure against Candida auris. Frontiers in Microbiology, DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2020.00957.

  • Vergidis P, Rao A, Moore CB, Rautemaa-Richardson R, Sweeney LC, Morton M, Johnson EM, M. Borman AM, Richardson MD, Augustine T. (2020). Talaromycosis in a renal transplant recipient returning from South China. Transplant Infect. Dis., DOI: 10.1111/tid.13447.

  • Forgács L, Borman AM, Prépost E, Tóth Z, Kardos G, Kovács R, Szekely A, Nagy F, Kovacs I, Majoros L.(2020). Comparison of in vivo pathogenicity of four Candida auris clades in a neutropenic bloodstream infection murine model. Emerging Microbes Infect. 9: 1160-1169. doi: 10.1080/22221751.2020.1771218.

  • Borman AM, Fraser M, Schilling W, Jones G, Pearl R, Linton CJ, Johnson EM. (2020), Exophiala campbellii causing a subcutaneous palmar cyst in an otherwise heathy UK resident. Med Mycol Case Reports, DOI: 1016/j.mmcr.2020.07.004.

  • Gharehbolagh SA, Fallah B, Izadi A, Ardenstani ZS, Malekifar P, Borman AM, Mahmoudi S. (2020). Distribution, antifungal susceptibility pattern and intra-Candida albicans species complex prevalence of Candida africana: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLOS ONE, DOI: 1371/journal.pone.0237046.

  • Pang L, Zhao X, Dickens BL, Lim JT, Cook AR, Netea MG, Donnelly JP, Herbrecht R, Johnson EM, Maertens JA, Kullberg BJ, Troke PF, Marr KA, Chai LYA. (2020). Using routine blood parameters to anticipate clinical outcomes in invasive aspergillosis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 26(6):781.e1-781.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2019.10.019.

  • Morgan E, Biddlestone L, Johnson E, Lovell C. Nodules on the legs in an immunosuppressed patient. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2020 Apr;45(3):370-372. doi: 10.1111/ced.14057.

  • Borman AM, Palmer MD, Fraser M, Patterson Z, Mann C, Oliver D, Linton CJ, Gough M, Brown P, Dzietczyk A, Hedley M, McLachlan S, King J, Johnson EM. (2020). COVID-19 associated invasive fungal infections: data from the UK National Mycology Reference Laboratory. Clin Microbiol. doi: 10.1128/JCM.02136-20. 

  • Kovacs R, Thoth Z, Forgacs L, Locke JB, Kardos G, Nagy F, Prepost E, Szekely A, Borman AM, Majoros L. (2020). Relative frequency of paradoxical growth and trailing effect with caspofungin, micafungin, anidulafungin and the novel echinocandin rezafungin against Candida Journal of Fungi, 6:136. DOI: 10.3390/jof6030136

  • Borman AM, Johnson EM. (2021). Name changes for fungi of medical importance, 2018-2019. Clin Microbiol, doi: 10.1128/JCM.01811-20.

  • Borman A, Johnson EM. (2021). Reply to Kidd et al., "New Names for Fungi of Medical Importance: Can We Have Our Cake and Eat It Too?" Clin. Microbiol., doi: 10.1128/JCM.02896-20.

  • Abdolrasouli A, Gibani MM, de Groot T, Borman AM, Hoffman P, Azadian BS, Mughal N, Moore LSP, Johnson EM, Meis JF. (2021). A pseudo-outbreak of Rhinocladiella similis in a bronchoscopy unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital in London, United Kingdom. Mycoses, doi: 10.1111/myc.13227.

  • Arkell P, Mahboobani S, Wilson R, Fatania N, Coleman N, Borman AM, Johnson EM, Armstrong-James D, Abdolrasouli A. (2021). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid IMMY Sona Aspergillus Lateral-Flow Assay for the diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis: a prospective, real life evaluation. Medical Mycology, doi: 10.1093/mmy/myaa113.

  • Farrer RA, Borman EM, Inkster T, Fisher MC, Johnson EM, Cuomo CA. (2021). Genomic epidemiology of a Cryptococcus neoformans outbreak in Glasgow, Scotland, 2018. Microbial Genomics, DOI: 10.1099/mgen.0.000537.

  • Aghaei Gharehbolagh S, Izadi A, Talebi M, Sadeghi F, Zarrinnia A, Zarei F, Darmiani K, Borman AM, Mahmoudi S. (2021)New weapons to fight a new enemy: a systematic review of drug combinations against the drug-resistant fungus Candida auris. Mycoses, DOI:10.1111/myc.13277.

  • Kovacs R, Nagy F, Tóth Z, Forgacs L, Váradi LT, Tóth G, Vadászi K, Borman AM, Majoros L, Galgóczy L. (2021). The Neosartorya fischeri antifungal protein 2 (NFAP2): A new potential weapon against multidrug-resistant Candida auris International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22:771. DOI: 10.3390/ijms22020771.

  • Hussain K, Malavia D, Johnson EM, Littlechild J, Winlove CP, Vollmer F, Gow NAR. Biosensors and Diagnostics for Fungal Detection. Fungi 2020, 6, 349.

  • Borman, Johnson EM. (2021). Sequence-based identification and classification of fungi in “Trends in the systematics of bacteria and fungi” P.D. Bridge, D. Smith, E. Stackenbrand eds. CABI Publishing, pp198-216.

  • Borman AM, Fraser M, Patterson Z, Palmer MD, Johnson EM. (2021). In vitro antifungal drug resistance profiles of clinically relevant members of the Mucorales (Mucoromycota) especially with the newer triazoles. Journal of Fungi, DOI:10.3390/jof7040271.

  • Sharp A, Muller-Pebody B, Charlett A, Patel B, Gorton R, Lambourne J, Cummins M, Alcolea-Medina A, Wilks M, Smith R, Mack D, Hopkins S, Dodgson A, Burns P, Perera N, Lim F, Rao G, Khanna P, Johnson E, Borman A, Schelenz S, Guy R, Conneely J, Manuel RJ, Brown CS. (2021). Screening for Candida aurisin patients admitted to eight intensive care units in England, 2017 to 2018. Euro Surveill. ;26(8):1900730. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2021.26.8.1900730.

  • Aghaei Gharehbolagh S, Izadi A, Talebi M, Sadeghi F, Zarrinnia A, Zarei F, Darmiani K, Borman AM, Mahmoudi S. (2021). New weapons to fight a new enemy: A systematic review of drug combinations against the drug-resistant fungus Candida auris. Mycoses 64(11):1308-1316. doi: 10.1111/myc.13277. 

  • Kovács R, Tóth Z, Locke JB, Forgács L, Kardos G, Nagy F, Borman AM, Majoros L. (2021). Comparison of In Vitro Killing Activity of Rezafungin, Anidulafungin, Caspofungin, and Micafungin against Four Candida auris Clades in RPMI-1640 in the Absence and Presence of Human Serum. Microorganisms 9(4):863. doi: 10.3390/microorganisms9040863. 

  • Borman AM, Johnson EM. (2021). Erratum for Borman and Johnson, “Name changes for fungi of medical importance, 2018 to 2019”. Clin. Microbiol. DOI: 10.1128/JCM.00331-21.

  • Nagy F, Tóth Z, Nyikos F, Forgács L, Jakab Á, Borman AM, Majoros L, Kovács R. (2021). In vitro and in vivo interaction of caspofungin with isavuconazole against Candida auris planktonic cells and biofilms. Med Mycol.  59(10):1015-1023. doi: 10.1093/mmy/myab032.   

  • Borman AM (2021). Use of Galleria mellonella larvae to study the pathogenicity and clonal lineage-specific behaviours of the emerging fungal pathogen Candida auris. Methods in Molecular Biology, In Press.

  • Borman AM, Fraser M, Patterson Z, McLachlan S, Palmer MD, Mann C, Oliver D, Brown P, Linton CJ, Dzietczyk A, Hedley M, Gough M, Johnson EM. (2021). The considerable impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and COVID-19 on the UK National Mycology Reference Laboratory activities and workload. Med Mycol doi: 10.1093/mmy/myab039. 

  • Papp Z, Borman AM, Forgács L, Kovács R, Tóth Z, Chun-Ju C, Kardos G, Juhász B, Szilvássy J, Majoros L. (2021). Unpredictable In Vitro Killing Activity of Amphotericin B against Four Candida auris Pathogens 10(8):990. doi: 10.3390/pathogens10080990.

  • Jakab Á, Balla N, Ragyák Á, Nagy F, Kovács F, Sajtos Z, Tóth Z, Borman AM, Pócsi I, Baranyai E, Majoros L, Kovács R. (2021), Transcriptional Profiling of the Candida auris Response to Exogenous Farnesol Exposure. mSphere doi: 10.1128/mSphere.00710-21.

  • Borman AM, Fraser M, Patterson Z, McLachlan S, Palmer MD, Mann C, Oliver D, Brown P, Linton CJ, Dzietczyk A, Hedley M, Gough M, Zapata L, North P, Johnson EM. (2021). Fungal biomarker testing turn-around-times at the UK National Mycology Reference Laboratory: setting the record straight. J Infect. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2021.10.010.  

  • Papon N, Borman AM, Meyer W, JBouchara J-P. (2021). Editorial: Fungal infections in cystic fibrosis. Frontiers Cell Infect. Microbiol. In press. 

  • Johnson EM, Borman AM. (2021). Susceptibility testing of Candida auris Methods in Molecular Biology, In Press.

 

 

 

National Collection of Type Cultures (NCTC): 

 

  • Mohammed-Abbas Fazal, Sarah AlexanderNicholas E. GraysonAna Deheer-GrahamKaren OliverNancy HolroydJulian ParkhillJulie E. Russell. (2019). Complete Whole-Genome Sequence of Haemophilus haemolyticus NCTC 10839. Microbiology Resource Announcements; doi: 10.1128/MRA.00232-19.

  • Jake D. Turnbull, Julie E. Russell, Mohammed-Abbas Fazal, Nicholas E. Grayson, Ana Deheer-Graham, Karen Oliver, Nancy Holroyd, Julian Parkhill, Sarah Alexander (2019).Whole-Genome Sequences of Five Strains of Kocuria rosea, NCTC2676, NCTC7514, NCTC7512, NCTC7528, and NCTC7511. Microbiology Resource Announcements; doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00256-19.

  • Mohammed-Abbas FazalSarah AlexanderNicholas E. GraysonAna Deheer-GrahamKaren OliverNancy HolroydJulian ParkhillJulie E. Russell (2019). Complete Whole-Genome Sequences of Two Raoultella terrigena Strains, NCTC 13097 and NCTC 13098, Isolated from Human Cases. Microbiology Resource Announcements; doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00239-19.

 

National Collection of Pathogenic Fungi (NCPF):

 

  • Borman AM, Fraser M, Szekely A, Johnson EM. (2019). Rapid and robust identification of clinical isolates of Talaromyces marneffei based on MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry or dimorphism in Galleria mellonella. Mycol., myy162, doi.org/10.1093/mmy/myy162.

  • Davidson J, McElrane J, Jboor KA, Barratt SL, Jeyabalan A, Medford ARL, Borman AM, Adamali H. (2019). Musical instruments, fungal spores and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine; doi: 10.1093/qjmed/hcz020.

  • White PL, Barnes RA, Gorton R, Cruciani M, Loeffler J; Fungal PCR Initiative (Working Group of the International Society of Human and Animal Mycology*). 2019. Comment on: T2Candida MR as a predictor of outcome in patients with suspected invasive candidiasis starting empirical antifungal treatment: a prospective pilot study. J Antimicrob Chemother. 74: 532-533. (*EMJ and CJL)

  • Davidson J, McElrane J, Jboor KA, Barratt SL, Jeyabalan A, Medford ARL, Borman AM, Adamali A. (2019). To blow one's trumpet - a musical composition that fits the mould. A case report of Purpureocillium lilacinum causing hypersensitivity pneumonitis in a tenor horn player. QJM: doi: 10.1093/qjmed/hcz020.

  • Szekely A, Borman AM, Johnson EM. (2019). Candida auris isolates of the Southern Asian and South African lineages exhibit different phenotypic and antifungal susceptibility profiles in vitro. J Clin Microbiol.e02055-18 DOI:10.1128/JCM.02055-18

  • Fraser M, Borman AM, Lawrance LM, Thorn R. (2019). Resistance to echinocandin antifungal agents in the United Kingdom in clinical isolates of Candida glabrata: fifteen years of interpretation and assessment. Med Mycol, myz053 https://doi.org/10.1093/mmy/myz053

  • Howlett S, Sullivan T, Abdolrasouli A, Borman AM, Johnson EM, Lewis P, Baheerathan A, Davies F, Sanderson F, Davies N, Singh-Curry V. (2019). A black mould death: a case of fatal cerebral phaeohyphomycosis caused by Cladophialophora bantiana. Med Mycol Case Rep doi: 1016/j.mmcr.2019.02.004

  • Borman AM, Muller J, Walsh-Quantick J, Szekely A, Patterson Z, Palmer MD, Fraser M, Johnson EM. (2019).  Fluconazole resistance in isolates of uncommon pathogenic yeast species from the UK.  AAC doi:1128/AAC.00211-19

  • Kovacs R, Nagy F, Toth Z, Daroczi L, Szekely A, Borman AM, Majoros L. (2019). Farnesol increases the activity of echinocandins against Candida auris Med Mycol. Submitted.

  • Sharp A, Muller-Pebody B, Charlett A, Patel B, Gorton R,  Lambourne J, Cummins M, Alcolea-Medina A, Wilks M, Smith R, Mack D, Hopkins S, Dodgson A, Burns P, Perera N, Lim F, Rao G, Khanna P, Johnson EM, Borman AM, S. Schelenz S, R. Guy R, J. Conneely J, R. Manuel R,  C.S. Brown CS. (2019). Point prevalence survey of Candida auris colonisation in patients upon admission to ITUs in the United Kingdom. Lancet Infectious Diseases, submitted.

National Collection of Pathogenic Fungi (NCPF):

 

  • Borman AM. (2018). Of mice and men and larvae: Galleria mellonella to model the early host-pathogen interactions after fungal infection. Virulence, 9: 9-12. doi: 10.1080/21505594.2017.1382799.

  • Jeffery-Smith A, Taori S, Schelenz S, Jeffery K, Johnson E, Borman A, Candida auris IMT, Manuel R, Brown C. (2018). Candida auris: a review of the literature. Clinical Microbiology Reviews doi: 10.1128/CMR.00029-17.

  • Hughes K, Borman (2018). Adiaspiromycosis in a wild European rabbit, and a review of the literature. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. doi: 10.1177/1040638718772631.

  • Ropars J, Maufrais C, Diogo D, M. Marcet-Houben, A. Perin, N. Sertour, K. Mosca, E. Permal, G. Laval, C. Bouchier, L. Ma, K. Schwartz, K. Voelz, R. May, J. Poulain, C. Battail, P. Wincker, Borman AM, A. Chowdari, S. Fan, S-H. Kim, P. Lepape, O. Romeo, J-H. Shin, T. Gabaldon, G. Sherlock, M-E. Bougnoux, C. d’Enfert. (2018).Clonality, gene flow and massive loss of heterozygosity contribute to the diversification of the major fungal pathogen of humans Candida albicans. Nature Communications, 9: 2253.

  • Kean R, Delaney C, Sherry L, Borman AM, Johnson EM, Richardson MD, Rautemaa-Richardson R, Williams C, Ramage G. (2018). Transcriptome assembly and profiling of Candida auris reveals novel insights into biofilm mediated resistance. mSphere, 3: 1128/mSphere.00334-18.

  • Zoran T, Sartori B, Sappl L, Aigner M, Sánchez-Reus F, Rezusta A, Chowdhary A, Taj-Aldeen SJ, Arendrup MC, Oliveri S, Kontoyiannis DP, Alastruey-Izquierdo A, Lagrou K, Cascio GL, Meis JF, Buzina W, Farina C, Drogari-Apiranthitou M, Grancini A, Tortorano AM, Willinger B, Hamprecht A, Johnson E, Klingspor L, Arsic-Arsenijevic V, Cornely OA, Meletiadis J, Prammer W, Tullio V, Vehreschild JJ, Trovato L, Lewis RE, Segal E, Rath PM, Hamal P, Rodriguez-Iglesias M, Roilides E, Arikan-Akdagli S, Chakrabarti A, Colombo AL, Fernández MS, Martin-Gomez MT, Badali H, Petrikkos G, Klimko N, Heimann SM, Uzun O, Roudbary M, de la Fuente S, Houbraken J, Risslegger B, Lass-Flörl C, Lackner M. (2018) Azole-Resistance in Aspergillus terreusand Related Species: An Emerging Problem or a Rare Phenomenon? Front Microbiol. 9:516. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.00516

  • Eyre DW, Sheppard AE, Madder H, Moir I, Moroney R, Phuong Quan T, Griffiths D, George S, Butcher L, Morgan M, Newnham R, Sunderland M, Clarke T, Foster D, Hoffman P, Borman AM, Johnson EM, Moore G, Brown CS, Walker AS, Peto TEA, Crooke DW, Jeffery KJM. (2018). Candida auris epidemiology and control: the role of multi-use equipment. New Eng. J. Medicine, 379: 1322-1331.

  • Delhaes L, Touati K, Faure-Cognet O, Cornet M, Botterel F, DannaouiI E, Morio F, Lepape P, Grenouillet F, Favennec L, Lega Sl, Nevez G, Duhamel A, Borman AM, Saegeman V, Lagrou K, Gomez E, Carro M-L, Canton R, Campana S, Buzina W, Chen SC, Meyer W, Roilides E, Simitsopoulou M, Manso E, Cariani L, Biffi A, Fiscarelli E, Ricciotti G, Pihet M, J-P. Bouchara J-P. (2018). Prevalence, risk factor, and development of a standardized protocol for fungal isolation in cystic fibrosis: Results from the international prospective study "MFIP". Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, S1569-1993(18)30839-7.

  • Borman AM, Szekely A, Fraser M, Johnson EM. (2018). A novel dermatophyte relative, Nannizzia perplicata nov., isolated from a case of tinea corporis in the UK. Medical Mycology, doi: 10.1093/mmy/myy099

  • Sharp A, Borman AM, Perera N, Randle M, Braham S, Taori S, Charlett A, Guy R, Muller-Pebody B, Manuel R, Brown CS. (2018). Assessing routine diagnostic methods for detecting Candida auris in England. J. Infection. Doi: 1016/j.jinf.2018.07.012 

  • Borman AM, Szekely A, Palmer MD, Fraser M, Patterson Z, Johnson EM. (2018). The burden of serious fungal disease in the UK – infections with “rare” organisms. Infection doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2018.10.010.

  • Kovacs R, Nagy F, Toth Z, Daroczi L, Szekely A, Borman AM, Majoros L. (2019). Farnesol increases the activity of echinocandins against Candida auris Med Mycol. Submitted.

  • Sharp A, Muller-Pebody B, Charlett A, Patel B, Gorton R,  Lambourne J, Cummins M, Alcolea-Medina A, Wilks M, Smith R, Mack D, Hopkins S, Dodgson A, Burns P, Perera N, Lim F, Rao G, Khanna P, Johnson EM, Borman AM, S. Schelenz S, R. Guy R, J. Conneely J, R. Manuel R,  C.S. Brown CS. (2019). Point prevalence survey of Candida auris colonisation in patients upon admission to ITUs in the United Kingdom. Lancet Infectious Diseases, submitted.

 

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